Linux is a type of system that is similar to Unix. Since it is an system, it is meant to be installed in computers but can also be used for video game consoles, mainframes, and mobile phones. Linux is an example of open source software. It is available for free and source codes can be altered and redistributed.
The design of Linux is based on Unix systems. Majority of the design of Linux operating systems are based on the design principles of Unix OS released during the 1980s. Linux operating systems make use of a monolithic kernel also known as a Linux kernel. It is responsible for accessing the file system, networking, processing control, as well as peripheral access. Drivers for devices can be integrated into the kernel or added as a module.
When it comes to web servers, it is important to use a compatible operating system for your server. For Linux-based web servers, a Linux operating system is needed.
servers are primarily responsible for delivering a web page. Each web server has a domain name and an IP address. A computer can be transformed to a web server through web server software and an internet connection.
Web server software are usually Linux and Unix-based and Windows-based. Only Linux operating systems can be used for Linux hosting servers and the same applies for Windows and Unix operating systems.
Linux web servers are widely used today as there Linux is available for free. Aside from the operating system being available at no cost, Linux applications are also offered for free. Linux also provides stability and reliability. Linux servers also have a higher up-time compared to hosting servers based on Windows operating system.
If you are looking for a web server that is reliable but cost-effective as well, then you might definitely want to consider using Linux
First of all, Linux is a totally independent entity from Microsoft. The term “Linux” itself is actually unclear and in fact, is not an equivalent alternative to Microsoft Windows. You cannot go to the store and purchase the Linux Operating System; instead, you purchase what is known as a software distribution (or distro for short) of Linux. Linux, then, is the core upon which various distros are built. Thus, although you cannot buy “Linux” at the store, you can buy, for instance, the distros Linspire or SUSE Linux, which are the equivalent alternatives to the Windows or Macintosh operating systems.
There are a ton of different Linux distros. One of the most newbie-friendly (at least to those who are used to Microsoft Windows) distros, which is also a hundred-percent free, is called Ubuntu. You might wonder how in the world something equivalent to Microsoft Windows could possibly be free. Well, in the case of Ubuntu, the answer is, there are some generous software developers out there! You can read more about their philosophy on their site. Another free distro is Redhat, which is more suited to server (i.e. commercial businesses) use. Redhat actually makes money by charging only for their support.
However, not all Linux distros are free. An example of a commercial (i.e. not free) newbie-friendly distro is Mandriva. If you are just wanting to try out Linux, then most likely you’ll want to go with the free route.
Ubuntu is a good choice for beginners wanting to try out Linux. Do not be intimidated by the installation process; Ubuntu is actually highly targeted towards those who are used to the Microsoft Windows Operating System. As such, the installation process is a breeze, compared to some other Linux distros. Some HP and Dell computers come with the option of having Ubuntu pre-installed, so you can try buying those if you are sure you do not want to use Windows.